The New Light movement, which began around 1908, was a period of creative change that had a transformative effect on Pentecostalism. It was a response to both the Holiness movement of the late 19th century as well as increasing changes in broader American culture.
The New Light movement is seen as a bridge between the Holiness and Pentecostal programs, and it saw the emergence of many of the key tenets of Pentecostalism.
In the New Light movement, emphasis was placed on worship that was "filled with emotional intensity and spirit" and on "signs and wonders."
In particular, the New Light movement saw the introduction of the baptism of the Holy Spirit as a distinct experience from that of conversion. This experience enabled believers to "realize the fullness of the Spirit in power and spiritual gifts."
The New Light movement also placed great emphasis on the importance of the second work of grace, or entire sanctification. This experience was believed to cleanse and empower believers and bring spiritual gifts to them. The New Light movement had a profound and lasting influence on Pentecostalism.
It led to a greater emphasis on faith healing, speaking in tongues, and the necessity of having an experience with the Holy Spirit. It also helped to spread Pentecostalism more widely and to shape its ultimate form.
The most prominent leaders of the New Light movement were Frank Whittle, William H. Durham, and Charles F. Parham.
Whittle was an early holiness leader who taught on the need for rekindling their faith and embracing the full experience of the Holy Spirit. Durham, a Methodist minister, was a major force in the development of the philosophy of the New Light Movement and strongly pushed for the need for a second work of grace.
Parham, an evangelist who had a deep-seated belief in the power of the gifts of tongues, was responsible for establishing the first Pentecostal Bible college in Topeka, Kansas.
Frank Whittle was an early Holiness leader. He was born in 1867 in England and later moved to the United States. In 1901, he established the Fire-Baptized Holiness Association, and in 1908, he helped found the Pentecostal Holiness Church.
Whittle was a vigorous teacher who advocated for the restoration of true spirit-filled Christianity. He taught on the need for rekindling their faith and embracing the full experience of the Holy Spirit. His teachings provided a major impetus for the New Light movement.
William H. Durham was a Methodist minister and a major force in the development of the philosophy of the New Light movement. He was born in 1873 and graduated from the Boston University School of Theology in 1895. His book, The Higher Christian Life, was widely read and influential. It focused on the theology of entire sanctification, which was one of the key tenets of the New Light movement.
Durham strongly promoted the necessity of a second work of grace in order to receive an outpouring of the gifts of the Spirit. write conclusion In conclusion, the New Light movement of 1908 had a transformative effect on Pentecostalism.
The movement introduced several key tenets of Pentecostalism, such as the baptism of the Holy Spirit, the second work of grace, and its emphasis on faith healing and speaking in tongues.
Leaders such as Frank Whittle, William H. Durham, and Charles F. Parham were instrumental in the development of Pentecostalism, and the movement continues to have an impact today.
(c) Apostle Jonas Clark
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